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Ļšåäūäółą˙ | Ńīäåšęąķčå | Ńėåäóžłą˙

?????? ??? ???????????????? ???????

?????? ?1:

??????, XVI ???. ?????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ? ???????. ?????? ???? 200 ??????, ?????? – 150, ?????? – 130, ????????? – 120. ????? ???? ???????? 100 ?????. ??????????:

?????? ????????? ????? ???????????? ????????;

??????? ????? ?????.

?????? ?2:

???????, XV ???. ?????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ? ???????. ?????? ???? 40 ??????, ?????? – 35, ?????? – 20, ????????? – 15. ????? ???? ???????? 110 ?????. ??????????:

?????? ????????? ????? ???????????? ????????;

??????? ????? ?????.

?????? ?3:

??????, XVI ???. ?????? ????????????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ? ??????? ? ????????. ???????? ??????? ????? 1 000 ??????? ????????. ?????? ???? 200 ????????, ?????? – 170, ?????? – 80, ????????? – 50. ??????? ????? ????? ????? 10 ????????. ??????????:

??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ? ???? ????????????;

??????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????????, ????? ????????? ???????? ???? ?? ????????? ????????.

?????? ?4:

????????, XVI ???. ?????? ??????????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ? ??????. ???????? ??????? ????? 2 000 ?????. ?????? ???? 500 ?????, ?????? – 400, ?????? – 300, ????????? – 200. ??????? ????? ????? ????? 10 ??????. ??????????:

??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ? ???? ????????????;

??????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????????, ????? ????????? ???????? ???? ?? ????????? ????????.

?????? ?5:

???????, XVIII ???. ????????????? ?????? ???????? XV ????????? ????????????? ???? ?? ????? 300 000 ??????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???????, ?????????? ?????????? ??????. ?????????? ????????? – 30 000, ???? ????????? – 3 ????, ????????????? ??????? ????????? – 1 ??? ? ???, ???????? ????????? ???????? – 5%. ??????????:

??????? ????? ?????????;

?? ??????? ?????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????, ????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??????????

?????? ?6:

???????, XVIII ???. ????????????? ?????? ???????? XVI ????????? ????????????? ???? ?? ????? 500 000 ??????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???????. ??????? ????? ????????? – 20 ???????, ???? ????????? – 1 ???, ????????????? ??????? ????????? – 2 ???? ? ???, ???????? ????????? ???????? – 7%. ??????????:

?????????? ?????????? ?????????;

?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????????.

?????? ?7:

???, XVIII ???. ????????????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ???? ?? ????? $500 000 ??? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ? ?????????. ?????????? ????????? – 500, ???? ????????? – 10 ???, ????????????? ??????? ????????? – 2 ???? ? ???, ???????? ????????? ???????? – 2%. ??????????:

??????? ????? ?????????;

?? ??????? ?????? ????????????? ????????????? ???, ????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??????????

?????? ?8:

?????????, XVII ???. ????????????? ??? ?? ????? ????????? ????????????? ???? ?? ????? 50 000 ????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???????, ?????????? ??????????????? ? ????? ? ???????. ??????? ????? ????????? – 500 ?????????. ????????? ???????????. ??????????:

?????????? ?????????? ?????????;

????? ????????? ?????????, ????????? ?? 450 ?????????, ??????? ?? ???????, ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????????

?????? ?9:

???????? XVIII ???. ???????? ????? ?????? ?????????? 1 200 ????? ?? ???????????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? II. ????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ?????? 40 ??????. ??????????? ??????? ???? ?? 1 ???? 20 ?????. ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? (??????) ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?????, ?????????? ???????? ????????? ??????, ????????? – ???????????? ???????. ??????????:

??????? ???????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ????, ??? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????

??????? ???????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ????, ??? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????

?????? ?10:

??????, XIX ???. ????? ??????, ????????? ???????, ?????? ??????????? ????? 800 ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????. ?????????? ????, ? ???? ???????, ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? 1 000 ??????. ?????????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ?? 800 ?????? ?? ??? ???????? ????????, ???????????? ?? ???????? ???????? ????? ??????, ??????? ????????? ???????. ???????? ???????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ????? ??????? ?? 750 ??????. ??????????:

??????? ?????????? ???? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????????

??????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ????? ????????

?????? ????? ??????? ????? ???????, ???? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ??????????????

?????? ?11:

??????, XIX ???. ???????? ????????? ????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? 150 ??????. ???? ????? ???? ??????? ?? 135 ??????. ??????????:

??????? ???????? ????????? ????? ?????? ??????

?????? ????????????? ??????? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ??????? ????????

?????? ?12:

??????, XVIII ???. ?????? ?? ?????????? ????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ????? 613 ??????. ??? – ??????? ????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ?????. ? ????????, ? ??????? ????????? ???????????????? ????? – 3415 ??????.

??????????, ??????? ????? ????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ???????????????? ????? ????? ????, ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????????

?????? ?13:

???????? ???????? 40 ????????? ?? ???????????? ????? “American Express Co” ?? ??????? $2 ?? ???? ?????. ???? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ???????????? 100 ????? ?? $55 ?? ???? ?????. ?? ????????? ????? ????? “American Express Co” ?????????? ?? $59.

?????????? ????????????? ???????, ??????? ????? ???????? ????????, ???? ?? ????????? ???? ????? ?????, ????????? ?? ????????? ????????, ?? ????? ?????????? ?????.

?????? ?14:

???????? ???????? ????? ????????? ?? ???????????? ????? “American Home Products” ?? ??????? $1 ?? ???? ?????. ???? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ???????????? ????? ?? $55. ?? ????????? ????? ????? “ American Home Products ” ?????????? ?? $54.

?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? “American Home Products” ?? ????????? ?????, ????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ?????, ????????? ?? ????????, ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?????????????? ????????

?????? ?15:

???????? “America Online” ??????? ??????? ????????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? $2 000 000 ? ????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? 2 ????. ???????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ???? ??? ? ???. ?????? ????????? ???????? – 2% ?? ????????. ??????? ?????? ?????? - $500.

??????????, ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? “America Online”.

?????? ?16:

???????? “??&T” ??????? ??????? ? ??????? ???????. ???????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? $25 000 000. ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ????????????? 2 ???? ? ???. ?????? ?????????? ?????? – 2%. ?????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ?? 2 ???? ? ? ?????????? 1000 ???????????. ?? ????? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?????, ????? ????????????? ????? ?? ???? ???????? $135?